Fertility drugs may be used as a first-line treatment for infertility or in conjunction with Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) like intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF). The type and quantity of fertility drugs depend primarily on the woman’s diagnosis and the treatment she is pursuing.
Types of Fertility Drugs
Women just starting out with fertility treatment or those who have mild infertility are often prescribed Clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene), taken orally in pill form, to boost egg follicle growth and kick start ovulation. Clomiphene may also be used for women undergoing mini-IVF or those with high FSH who respond poorly to other ovarian stimulation protocols.
Injectible gonadotropin fertility drugs (Follistim, Gonal-F) are often prescribed if a woman does not experience the desired response to Clomid. This may be the case if she has tried several rounds of Clomiphene at increasing dosage strengths but still has not seen strong egg follicle growth. Injectable fertility drugs are more often used along with IUI or IVF as they promote maximum follicle growth and control over the cycle. Fertility drug protocols may be adjusted throughout the course of your fertility treatment depending on your ovarian response in previous cycles.
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is often used to give egg follicles one last push toward maturation before triggering ovulation. Women with ovulation disorders or those in need of a perfectly timed cycle for timed intercourse, IUI, or IVF may be prescribed an injection of hCG.
Cost of Fertility Drugs
Fertility drugs range in cost from $50 to $5,000 per cycle. Though we are all looking to save on the cost of fertility drugs, the required amount and type of fertility drugs will be at the discretion of your fertility doctor. Therefore, the cost of fertility drugs will likely be higher for IVF cycles than timed intercourse or IUI cycles.